Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 30,775 people, 10,490 households, and 6,237 families residing in the county.  The population density was 15/km (38/mi). There were 12,804 housing units of which 10,490 were occupied, and 2,314 were vacant.

There were 10,490 households out of which 44% had children under the age of 18 living with them,  The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03.  In the county the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18,  The median age was 38.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $$54,151 +/- $3,449, and the median income for a family was $64,261 +/- $4,969. The per capita income for the county was $28,711.  About 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 18.6% of those age 5-17.

Places

Incorporated

  • City of Sopchoppy
  • City of St. Marks

Unincorporated

  • Crawfordville
  • Medart
  • Panacea
  • Newport
  • Smith Creek
  • Shell Point

Wakulla County stands out in one statistical category: there is a near-absence of any municipal population in this county of perhaps 27,000.  Two tiny municipalities hold maybe 3 percent of the population. The county seat, Crawfordville, is the only unincorporated county seat among Florida’s 67 counties, and, lying only 20 miles from Tallahassee, that district has grown dramatically in recent years to an extraordinarily large and dense population for a “rural” place not touching or having any continuity with any incorporated town. The Crawfordville population center may now have 12-18,000 inhabitants in 10-20 square miles.

The County’s boosters claim that Crawfordville is the only place that has preserved one of Florida’s old wooden courthouses, a handsome 3-story building used until after World War II. This building has been  restored and houses the Wakulla County Chamber of Commerce.

The prevailing unincorporated status of Wakulla County is used to support a claim of an inviting rural environment. Ironically, however, the traditional rural enterprise of farming in the County declined over the past several decades even faster than real estate activity grew. Crops and livestock as a livelihood may have been as nearly eliminated now from the society and economy of this county as anyplace in Florida– certainly more so than in some of Florida’s most populous counties.

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